Gum disease is one of the most common oral problems faced by many Americans. As per the recent study conducted nearly 75% to 80% of the population in America have the gum related disease. Lack of good oral hygiene, smoking, consumption of tobacco and its related products are the root cause of gum disease. Gum disease can have an adverse effect in one’s life and can lead to severe oral as well as general health complications. One can notice gum disease occurring in kids, teens, and adults. Dr. Christopher, Dr. Favagehi, Dr. Traboulsi and Dr. Armstrong are some well-known periodontist who treats gum disease in the city of Falls Church, Virginia.
What causes gum disease?
Gum disease is inflammation or swelling of the gums. It may affect the bone that surrounds and support your teeth. Gum diseases are caused mainly by bacteria causing plaque. This sticky colorless coat tends to deposit in the teeth over a period of time. If plaque is not removed by daily brushing and flossing, it can gradually build up and allow bacteria to infect the teeth and gums. Plaque can cause the teeth to become loose, fall out or have to be extracted when your teeth are seriously infected.
Stages of gum disease:
Gum disease can be broadly classified into four stages namely;
Gingivitis- The most common form of gum disease is gingivitis. Gingiva is the pink tissue that surrounds the teeth and the adjoining areas. When the gingiva gets inflamed, it results in gingivitis. The pink tissues turn to various shades of red due to excess swelling and inflammation. The area tends to bleed when touched or probed. Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease. In the case of gingivitis, the pocket depth may measure 1-4 millimeters.Stage 2:
Mild periodontitis- This stage also appears similar to gingivitis. The gums appear red, swollen and bleed when touched. The only difference that separates gingivitis and periodontitis are the bone loss. When the inflammation extends from gingiva to bone tissue causes bone loss. In the case of mild periodontitis, the pocket depth may increase to 4-6 millimeters.Stage 3:
Moderate periodontitis- A sufficient amount of bone loss takes place. Nearly 20% to 50% of the bone will be lost from the tooth root. Symptoms include profuse bleeding, excess swelling, and gums turning red. Inflammation penetrates deeper into the tissues and the pocket depths increases to 4-8 millimeters.Stage 4:
Advanced periodontitis- This is known to be the last and final stage of gum disease. One may experience severe bone loss from the root of the tooth accounting for almost 50%- 80%. When the inflammation reaches the highest level, the tooth becomes very loose and becomes uncomfortable to undertake any normal functions. This is termed as ‘mastication’. During advanced periodontitis, one may feel continuous bleeding from gums, excess pain with severe swelling and sulking gums. Pocket depths also enlarge to 7-12 millimeters.How do I know if I have a gum disease?
In most cases, symptoms go unnoticed. Gum disease can strike anybody at any age at any point in time. If detected in its early stages, the disease can be prevented. But if ignored and not treated on time, then the outcome could be devastating. Visit your dentist if you notice any of the following symptoms.
The disease can be treated with proper brushing and flossing on daily basis. Maintaining a good oral hygiene will reduce plaque buildup and keep the disease at bay. Visiting your dentist or a specialist is the best way to remove plaque. Your dentist may suggest for root planning if your condition is more severe. By following these steps, one can encounter gum disease before the condition turns serious.
To know more about gum disease, treatment, cost you may get in touch with our periodontist who is glad to hear from you. Our periodontist will explain in detail the cause, treatment offered and the cost prior to undertaking treatment. Call us at 703-237-3700 and make an appointment during working hours. Our periodontist will be extremely happy to help you.
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